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Give them some love and they will love you back.Now the fun part. battery maintenance is simply cleaning, inspecting and nurturing. The tools you will need are:
First things first
I clean off the battery top first of all. After I have neutralized any acid I rinse the top of the battery with DISTILLED WATER ONLY. If there is no visible acid or liquid on the battery I sweep the top of the battery off and any dust and also rinse the top off with the distilled water. The idea here is that I do not want any foreign material hiding up under the cap to get into the battery as that will only shorten the battery life.
About battery liquid levels
For flooded lead acid batteries
In lead acid batteries water is lost during the charging process. Check your battery water level and add only distilled water when needed. Never add tap water to your battery. Tap water contains minerals that will reduce battery capacity and life.
Battery electrolyte levels should be just below the bottom of the vent well, about ½ - ¾ inch above the tops of the separators. Never let the electrolyte level to drop below the top of the plates. If the electrolyte level drops below the tops of the plates, irreparable damage may occur. If it has, add water to the tops of the plates and attempt to charge the battery. Once charged add more water. You should add water to your battery after it first has been fully charged, never when the battery is partially discharged. Adding water to a battery before charging may result in overflow of the electrolyte.
Do not overwater the battery. Excessive watering of a battery results in additional dilution of the electrolyte, resulting in reduced battery performance.
Clean the contacts
Those battery posts are sure to be corroded a little so clean them up with the wire brush or battery post cleaner. You should be able to see shiny metal.